Prevention Of Rectal Cancer


A valuable old saying reminds us that “An ounce of prevention is better than a pound of cure”. True enough, we only learn its value when we are already sick, agonizing in pain and full of resentment reaping the consequences of the abuse we made to our body and physical health. One of the most common types of cancer is colon cancer which includes rectal cancer. Like any other diseases, there are various ways that we can practice to prevent the development of cancer and for this article, we will focus on the prevention of a specific type which is Rectal Cancer.

Observe a healthy diet

It would be best to start with the basics such as having a healthy diet to evade rectal cancer. Avoid fatty foods and junk foods. Increase fluid intake and fiber. Eat lots of whole grains and vegetables. Regular exercise is a must. Avoid smoking at all costs as this not only will cause you lung cancer; smoke also passes through the esophagus and it can also affect your digestive tract. Avoid eating red meat such as beef and pork especially processed foods like hot dogs, bacon, and sausages.

Skip night caps

Alcohol is a very strange beverage when its health pros and cons are being considered. Although consuming alcohol (like red wine) in moderation has health benefits, having too much will predispose you to develop colon or rectal cancer. It would be best to drink lots of water and fruit juices that are low in fructose with fiber. In addition, you might want to consider supplementation as study shows that Calcium, Vitamin D, and Folate improves gut health.


Regular physician visit and health screening

Colonoscopy is recommended for older people as they have an increased risk of developing colon or rectal cancer. If you are at least 60 years old, it is suggested that you undergo colonoscopy to assess for the presence of polyps in your colon. Go to your physician for an executive check up every six months.

Watch out for initial signs

Be aware of the early warning signs and symptoms of colon or rectal cancer, although that would depend on which part of the digestive system is affected. But generally, it will include changes in both eating and bowel habits, stomach pain, and the presence of blood in the stool. These could be signs and symptoms of other conditions as well, so consulting with a specialist near you is important in order to determine the specific health condition that you may have. With this said, there is a management and treatment program for you. Click here for more information: 


There are many factors that cannot be modified such as genetics or having a family history of colon cancer, but taking precautionary measures are of equal importance. Having pre-existing diseases of the digestive tract such as inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s, and gastric ulcer can also increase the risk of colon cancer. Thus, it is essential that preventive measures must be observed.

Palliative Care Options For End Stage Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer 


Technically, cancer of the colon is cancer of the tissues of the colon, which is located below the large intestine. It is among the most prevalent cancers today, and following closely is rectal cancer, which is the growth of cancer cells in the rectum.

People who have colon cancer are most likely candidates for surgery, which is frequently the first option for the treatment of this type of cancer. Others treatments include radiation and chemotherapy, two procedures utilized to help minimize manage the spread of the cancer cells.

However, when surgery, chemo, and radiation can no longer control the spread of cancer, your family – or perhaps you as the cancer patient – may opt to receive palliative care.


Colon Cancer and Palliative Care

Palliative care is a type of care that revolves around managing the patient’s stress and the current symptoms that he is experiencing everyday. It is often referred to as supportive care or symptom management. Nevertheless, no matter how it is called, palliative care is an integral part of caring for the colon cancer patient.

One must keep in mind, though, that palliative care management does not in any way cure cancer itself. It only attempts to make the patient as comfortable as he can be in tackling his end-stage disease.


Improving the patients’ quality of life is the ultimate goal of palliative care treatment. It does require the family to coordinate with the medical team, which consists of the patient’s primary doctor, oncologist, and nurses. It would be easier for the oncologist to deal with the patient when the family is with them throughout the treatment.


How Palliative Care Can Help the Colon Cancer Patient

When a patient undergoes surgery, he may experience pain and tenderness on the surgical wound. Other treatments may also cause bowel impaction and blocks at the large intestine region. These are some cases where the patient is recommended to undergo ostomy, a procedure that involves creating a hole in the skin so that bowel is eliminated through there.

Radiation therapy can be quite distressing for the patient. Some of its side effects include the change in skin color, which can be embarrassing for the patient, causing him to feel insecure and depressed. He may also experience fatigue, loose bowels, stomachaches, and reproductive issues. The palliative care team can tremendously help patients ease their symptoms and provide comfort where needed.

Chemotherapy, on the other hand, can cause hair loss, vomiting, mouth sores and nerve damage. Most of these side effects are countered by medications, but the palliative care team is required to provide stress management strategies. It is also responsible for communicating with the team of doctors handling the patient.


There are other additional symptoms that are associated with colon cancer, most of which take a toll on the patients’ self-image and confidence levels. Through all this, the palliative care team can tremendously help in controlling symptoms, managing the patient’s quality of life, and preventing and resolving other physical, mental and emotional issues. They can even assist in finding a therapist near the area that can help the patient cope with his daily challenges.

If you or someone you love is suffering from end-stage colon cancer, consult your doctor about having palliative care in guiding you as you make small and big decisions, and making it easy for you to communicate with your team of doctors. Palliative care is not the last option. It is the earliest – and probably the best – option you can take.

Frequently Asked Questions On Anal Cancer



What is anal cancer?

Anal cancer is a type of cancer that manifests on a person’s anus. The anus is the body part wherein your wastes are released. It is connected to the rectum. Yes, the anus is also susceptible to cancer, and it can form lumps or tumors. There are tumors though in the area that can be benign or non-cancerous.

Who can acquire anal cancer?

The prevalence of anal cancer is very low. The percentage of anal cancer cases in America is about 0.5% which is less than one. There are approximately 8,000 new cases of anal cancer each year in the country.

It also usually develops in people between the ages of fifty to eighty years old. Studies also show that females are more susceptible to anal cancer than males. But as of recent years, the occurrence of anal sex is topping up on men since there is a widespread anal sex activity among gay men.


What are the risks (and signs) associated with anal cancer?

  1. People with HPV or human papillomavirus and genital warts are more at risk of contracting anal cancer.
  2. Those who have many intimate sexual relations are also at risk.
  3. Anal penetration, protected or unprotected, may be a cause of anal cancer – high risk.
  4. Fragile immune system, smokers, old individuals and inflamed anus (chronic) are also connected risks of anal cancer.

What are the indications of anal cancer?

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Constant pain in the anal region
  • Secretions from the anal area
  • Swelling or tumors in the anus or groin
  • Itchy anal area
  • Changes in bowel movements

These symptoms are not exclusive to anal cancer alone, but most are clear signs of the disease.

How is anal cancer detected?

You will be feeling the signs and symptoms of anal cancer, and when you do, you will be going to your doctor. From there, the doctor will interview you of your present condition, and the history of your health. A physical examination will be done to rule out cancer, if not, ascertain that it is cancer. The following tests will be administered:

  • Anoscopy or Proctoscopy
  • Biopsy


Can I get a second opinion on my “possible” anal cancer diagnosis?

It is up to you. You’re the one who has the medical condition and if it will provide you a better understanding of your disease and how to treat it, then, by all means. Get a second opinion from another specialist.

What is the treatment for anal cancer?

There are three ways to treat anal cancer:

  1. Radiation therapy

It is one of the active forms to kill cancer cells, in general. Radiation therapy is widely used these days, especially for anal cancer. The therapy procedure uses x-ray to eliminate the cancer cells.

  1. Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a process for a patient with cancer – they have to take medication for the tumors to diffuse. This treatment is best supplemented by Radiation therapy, especially for anal cancer.

  1. Surgical Procedure

People with anal cancer also resort to surgery because growth in the anal area must be removed while keeping the anal canal intact.

Are there studies, research, and clinical trials at the moment for anal cancer?

Since it is so rare, studies are ongoing about anal cancer understanding. As for the clinical trials, yes, there are some teams and medical centers finding ways to learn more about anal cancer treatment. The side effects of such are also monitored. There is no significant news about it, for now, though.


Tests For Cancer

No one ever wants to hear the word cancer from their doctor and yet it’s one of the most common illnesses affecting millions today. Cancer is a tricky condition because there are lots of forms and sometimes you honestly think you’re healthy when, in reality, there is something wrong. When you suspect there is something wrong and go to the doctor, you need to be prepared for the tests that may come. Read on to find out a little more about cancer and what you might face.

Cancer Screening/Scans

When there is a lump or unusual tissue on the body, doctors may decide it looks serious enough to get it checked. Now, for women, breast screening can often be a simple task. If a woman finds a lump on her breast or even under her armpit and the doctor believes it needs to be checked out further, they will understand what it is better with a scan. Cancer has specialized screenings and scans that can focus in on the lump and doctors can determine if it’s a cancerous growth. If that is the case, further tests may be conducted.

A Biopsy

As said, if a lump is found to be cancerous, more tests need to be done. One such test is a biopsy. Now, this is when tissue is removed from the suspect area and sent away to a lab for analysis. The time in which it can take to receive the results can vary. Usually, doctors want to deal with the test in a quick manner but they also have to be precise. Times vary from a few days to a week or two. However, as soon as the doctor receives the results you will be called into the office to discuss them. Check this out!

Blood Tests

Depending on some cancers, doctors may require conducting a blood test. This test is a standard test and one which can determine cancerous cells fairly quickly. Doctors will use this if there are no lumps but you are showing any signs of certain cancers. As said, a blood test is the standard test so it’s very easy to go through as all that is needed is a sample of blood. It seems harsh to say it’s an easy test as people are extremely worried about the outcome but in terms of stress onto the body, it’s minimal.

Early Detection Is Crucial

Testing for cancer can truly be frightening and something that can have happy outcomes. Millions are tested for cancer for one reason or another and find they are clear. Of course, many are given the devastating news. However, it’s important to know that early detection is crucial. When cancer is detected early enough it can be prevented from spreading and getting worse which all helps someone fight and recover. View more from

Don’t Fight Alone

When you are worried you have cancer, it’s important to go to the doctor but please don’t go alone. Have someone there for support no matter if you believe there is a problem or otherwise. It’s best to have someone there in support. You don’t have to fight this alone. You have lots of support out there if the news isn’t positive. Stay strong!

Questions On Colon Cancer

Every single human being dreads the day they are given the news they have cancer. Sitting in a doctor’s office and being told about the condition is frightening and life-changing and, for many, it’s all too much for them to bear. Colon cancer is one form of cancer that affects millions throughout the world and for many, they have so many questions about it. The following are just a few simple questions you may want to ask.

Is It Treatable?

Many forms of cancer are treatable. If cancer is caught early enough, there is every opportunity to take action and fight against it, tooth and nail. However, it’s important to note that if cancer is not detected early enough and it is allowed to spread, it may be extremely harder to treat. Colon cancer is a very serious form of cancer but remember every individual is different. Some may see the early warning signs and others do not; it’s very tough to notice subtle changes to your body and, in all honesty, some dismiss them as normal parts of life. It is important to remember that many forms of cancer are treatable, including colon cancer but for your case, in particular, you need to speak to your doctor or surgeon. They are the best people to talk to you about this.


How Sick Will I Get?

Depending on the course of treatment which is provided you can feel moderately sick. For instance, if you go through chemotherapy or radiotherapy then that can take a lot out of you. Some can experience sickness for days, sometimes weeks after the initial treatment and it’s a tough road ahead. However, in terms of how bad it’ll be, again it will vary. The truth is everyone reacts differently to different treatments. There are some who find they only feel a little tired after their treatment days while others are very sick; it can vary. Read the top article!

What Are The Survival Rates?

Research is occurring every single day and improvements and breakthroughs are also being made on a daily basis which gives far more hope than ever before. Survival rates for cancer are almost 50-50 at times and while it’s not the news you want, it’s important to understand it. Realistically, you have every chance of fighting cancer and hopefully overcoming it. If you’re able to detect it early enough and take action right away then you have the best opportunity of getting the best treatments. Even if it’s not detected right away, there is still the possibility you will overcome cancer. Again, every individual case is different and your doctor is the best person to speak to on such matters.

Fight Back

Being given dreadful news such as cancer can be indescribable and for some, they simply do not know how to react. It’s understandable because until you personally have been put in that position you don’t know how to react. If you have questions about treatments or about the condition, in general, it’s important to talk to a doctor or a cancer support group to try and get the answers you want. You are not alone. Don’t be afraid to fight back.

Early Warning Signs Of Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is something which very few people think about or are aware of. The truth is cancer can come in a variety of forms and it can affect the body in so many ways. It’s important that you’re able to spot the signs quickly enough so that action can be taken, get help with cancer, and hopefully overcome the illness. Unfortunately for most, they do not know the warning signs of colon cancer so it’s might be best to be aware of them. Read on to find out the early warning signs of colon cancer.

A Rapid Loss of Weight

Have you been losing weight recently? Have you been on a diet and, if so, how much weight have you lost exactly? First and foremost, if you start to notice a change in your weight, you need to keep a very close eye on it. Even when you have been exercising, you shouldn’t be losing weight at a rapid speed as it’s not good. There might be a serious problem somewhere and, in truth, it is an early warning sign of colon cancer. It’s important to keep an eye on your weight until you can get an appointment with a doctor and note, if you can, how much weight you’ve lost.

Changes to the Bowel Habits

When there is a problem with the colon, there is usually a problem with your bowel movements and habits. For example, you can be using the restroom far more than you have before, even though you are drinking and eating in the same manner as always. If this is the case, it’s an early indication something is wrong in your colon and needs to be seen immediately. Also, not being able to go to the bathroom can be worrying, especially if you are consuming a lot of water and unable to go.

Changes to Your Movements

Do you find you are plagued with more diarrhea or constipation? For some, they can find an early warning for colon cancer is constipation or for others, diarrhea. Sometimes, it can be switching from one to the other. It can all become a little confusing because people can have one or both for a variety of reasons. Some may have been a little ill in terms of a cold and have eaten something that hasn’t agreed with them. However, you need to keep a very close eye on your movements and act when things change rapidly as it isn’t normal.  Know more about this.

Bleeding From the Rectal Area or Having Blood in Their Stool

Bleeding should not occur when you go to the bathroom. People think a bit of blood in their stool is nothing to be concerned with but it really is. Also, when you bleed from the rectal area something isn’t right and you need to contact a doctor. Women so often mistake blood in their stool because they’ve recently had their period or because they think they’re getting one but again it’s suspicious and action should be taken. It’s good to check even if it’s nothing serious; it can put your mind at ease and doctors prefer you see them then leave the problem to get worse.

Discomfort to the Stomach

Cramps in the abdominal area can be as a result of a number of things. For instance, women often get these when they have a period but it isn’t usually normal to get them when they haven’t. Cramping, discomfort and bloating are worrying signs and often early signs of colon cancer. What’s more, feeling as though you need to go to the bathroom even though you’ve just been is worrying. Any changes of any kind to your stool and bowel movements should be examined.

Spot the Signs and Get Help

Colon cancer is extremely worrying and something millions face on a daily basis. It has become necessary to look out for the early warning signs and act on them quickly. This will be the simplest way to get your body checked out and if there is a problem, to treat it quickly. Cancer can be difficult to face but if detected early, anything is possible. Fight back against cancer.


Ways To Ease Stress During Anal Cancer Treatments

If you’re a patient facing anal cancer treatment, it is normal to feel stressed. This stress can be experienced while waiting for your CT scan, expecting major news from your doctor, or just plainly lying in bed. 


It is undeniably hard for both the patient and his respective family members to ease this stress. To help you reduce this problem, here are some tips on how you can cope with stress during your anal cancer treatment appointments.  

Listen To Calming Music 

Whether you are confined inside your room or waiting outside the operating room, it’s an excellent practice to listen to soothing music such as classical music. Listening to music can serve as your escape route to the realities of cancer. Calming music can also help you ease your mind before presenting yourself to stressful situations.  

Exercise Regularly 

Regular exercise doesn’t mean intense workouts in gyms or sprinting around the campus oval. Anal cancer patients can engage themselves with simple activities such as moderate walking and stretching. Do this in 30 minutes per day, and you’ll experience good results. This routine can help you boost your mood, provide more energy to your body, and reduce the stress you are feeling.  

Do The Things You Love To Keep Yourself Busy 

Do not limit yourself to doing things that you love – whether it’s playing a musical instrument, reading books, going shopping, or hanging out with friends. These activities can help you take your mind off your upcoming appointment with the doctor.  


Doing things that you enjoy also increases the release of endorphins in your body. These mood-boosting endorphins may contribute to more light and positive days ahead of you. 

Create A Strong Support System 

Anal cancer patients find themselves sad most of the time. They feel no one can understand what they are going through. However, what they don’t see is that it is essential to involve your partner, family, and close friends in your ongoing situation.  

In most cases, these support systems are the ones who can encourage you whenever you’re feeling down. They might also be the ones who can help you find solutions to your problems and answers to your questions.  

Relax and Meditate 

There are different relaxation exercises in which we can dwell on. This list includes yoga, tai chi, massage, acupuncture, and meditation. These practices can help a patient ease their mind and body during stressful times. In addition, they can be an avenue for a patient to develop a deeper understanding and awareness with his mind, body, feelings, thoughts, and external surroundings. 


Avoid Negative Actions For Coping Up 

Some patients turn to negative coping behaviors as a way to deal with their anal cancer problems. These actions include overeating, alcohol intake, and smoking. However, in reality, it only aggravates their stress even more. You can also visit this link,, to look for other avenues on how to overcome these negative coping behaviors.  

There are different ways on how patients face their stressors. It is best if you find the best combination that can provide you with the best results. Don’t give up and just hold on. You’ll definitely survive what you’re going through.  



Anal Cancer: What To Expect After Your Diagnosis


You just came home from your doctor’s office and heard the awful news that you have anal cancer. The reality would not sink in at first. You feel confAnal Cancer: What To Expect After Your Diagnosis used and full of disbelief. What happened and what has gone wrong? You start to question yourself and the choices you made leading to this day. Although cancer is very common in our society, it’s something we do not wish for ourselves – not even to our worst enemies. So after the diagnosis, what does a patient with anal cancer expect?

Referral to a Specialist

The doctor will refer you to a specialist called an oncologist. An oncologist is a physician who specializes in the treatment and management of cancer. The next thing that you can expect is a series of diagnostic tests to determine the stage of cancer you have. Then the oncologist will offer treatment options that will work for your condition such as chemotherapy or the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, surgery or the removal of tissues or organs believed to be afflicted with cancer cells, and the use of radioactive materials to eradicate the cells and prevent from proliferating neighboring tissues and organs. The medical provider can either use a single course of therapy or a combination of these treatments.  The specialist will also explain the expectations, outcomes, and prognosis along with this.

The Treatment Process

Once you’ve already chosen the treatment option that will work for you, the series of tests along with the management and treatment regimen will continue. This is to make sure that it is working and you are responding well. Medical evaluation and succeeding medical follow-ups will also determine if the treatments are not working, or if the cancer has already progressed. Depending on the results, the dosage of the chemotherapy medications can be adjusted or surgical procedures can be repeated until the patient is relieved and can function optimally at the present condition. That is why the support system that surrounds you during this times is very important.


Side effects and adverse complications from treatments are expected. Your doctor will inform you of all this prior to the start of treatment. However, experiencing the real thing can be surreal.

Chemotherapy medications may cause loss of appetite leading to excessive weight loss or also known as body wasting. A severe form of nausea and vomiting can happen after chemotherapy sessions.  Most patients also suffer from hair loss. Once this sets in, problems like body image disturbance can lead to low self-esteem and other psychological problems.

Management of Side Effects

There are several strategies to manage and curtail the side effects of the treatment procedures. The following are some helpful tips:

  • You can have ice chips during the chemo sessions to prevent nausea. The doctor usually administers medications that will help control the symptom prior and after chemotherapy sessions.
  • Don’t eat much prior to a procedure. You can eat toast or crackers early in the morning.
  • If you are feeling well, make sure that you eat with gusto. Coordinate with your nutritionist or dietician on what foods are allowed or prohibited while you are in therapy.
  • In order to address hair loss, you may use wigs, scarfs, or hats that will improve your self-worth. The good news is these are an all-year fashion thing and will never go out of style.

Get Diagnosed Early And Don’t Lose Hope

There are many instances that the cancer is treated properly especially if it is diagnosed and treated at an early stage. However, it is crucial that relapse must be prevented. Therefore, continual monitoring must still be conducted. Coordinate with your specialist as to how often you need to be checked and tested.


If you have been recently diagnosed with anal cancer or any type of cancer, it would be best to consult your physician and see a specialist right away. It is also recommended that you see a therapist and discuss the expected cost for treatment. BetterHelp (an affordable therapy option) has a good article on how you can assess the management of your condition. Early detection and prompt treatment is the key to early recovery and effective cure.


Losing The Battle Against Colon Cancer


After one has decided to give up his fight against colon cancer, his final days will be different from other colon cancer patients. It is different for each colon cancer patient. For the 40-year-old active woman with three kids, it might be slow and steady, but for the senior who is suffering from diabetes and joint pains along with cancer, death can come swiftly, like a friend who is willing to spare him or her from the pain. Others might even be able to survive for weeks of meditation or online therapy just to get through their final days.

However, although it may sound devastating, certain symptoms may mean death but are already long awaited by the patient because they know these symptoms will be their comfort. If you have colon cancer and you would like to opt for palliative or hospice care, let your doctor know. He and the rest of the palliative care team are skilled at anticipating and providing maximum relief of symptoms during your last days of life – and yes, palliative care does make a world of difference for the body and mind.

Total Withdrawal

Withdrawal is a symptom that is seen as waxing and waning a few weeks before one’s death. Most colon cancer patients go into an almost comatose stage, and obviously, this is not voluntary. Do not think that your loved one who is suffering has the nerve to ignore you during his last days. He does not have control over this state. Also, this withdrawal is not a result of the medications given to him to make him comfortable. Research and studies have not fully provided the reason for the withdrawal, but an assumption was made that is associated with mental and physical fatigue from battling with cancer.

Pain From Metastasis

Pain is among the most dreaded symptoms of end-stage colon cancer. If a loved one is on his last days, he is most likely suffering from widespread metastasis from inside the colon outward to the other vital organs. The pain is inevitable, and the patient is administered with strong painkillers and opioid narcotics.


Loved ones and caregivers of colon cancer patients most often ask how they can tell if someone is suffering from pain while they are sleeping. There are three marked signs that your patient is not comfortable even when he is at rest. Watch out for these signs:

  • Breathing quickly
  • Smirking and frowning
  • Restless and nervous movements of the hands, feet, and legs

Before assuming that your loved one is hurt, make sure that you have checked the environment he is in. The pain might not be coming from simple discomfort due to wet clothes or increased body temperature.

Anxiety And Confusion

Anxiety, stress, confusion, and hallucinations are among the most difficult symptoms that the patient will be going through. The cancer patient may be seeing creeping insects in his room, angels roaming around, or long lost souls that he doesn’t even know. He might have sudden bouts of anger or upset. There are medicines over the counter that can help ease your loved one’s anxiety and depression symptoms. Remember that when he is upset or confused, it’s best not to make a dispute and don’t make a big deal out of it. Instead, be gentle and be calm.

Breathing Changes

During his final days, your loved one may manifest with erratic breathing patterns. He may suddenly stop breathing for a while or breath with an accompanying snore or gurgling noise. This is called the death rattle. Just make him more comfortable by elevating the head of the bed. Do not offer water or any kind of fluid at this point. The sound is so troubling especially for the family members because it signifies the final stages of his death.



Some colon cancer patients experience a rally during the final days of their lives, and they can be confusing to their family. Other family members will feel hopeful, thinking that their loved one is improving, but he is not. It is not known why not everyone goes through this rally, but people who have witnessed it personally say that it lasts for a few days and sometimes for just a short moment before they lose their loved one to colon cancer.

Cancer Concerns: How To Know If I Have Anal Cancer

If I had the power to remove only one thing in the world, it would be cancer. It can affect an individual and a family. Not only does it take a loved one away but it also causes a lot of financial, emotional, and psychological struggles to the people and parties involved.

However, no matter how much we want to eradicate this terminal illness, it’s just really inevitable that someone gets the illness each day. At least 4,700 people receive cancer diagnoses each day according to the American Cancer Society. This news is very saddening because, given the facts and figures, it seems like we are still far from eliminating the illness.

But not to worry because despite it being possible to happen to anyone, there are many ways to reduce the risks of getting the said disease.

Introducing Anal Cancer


Generally, most people know that cancer is a deadly disease. However, what many people don’t know is that there are many types and kinds of cancer. The term “cancer” is just somewhat an umbrella term given to a group of related diseases since it can affect cells of varying organs.

One of the least known types of cancer is anal cancer. Anal cancer is basically when existing cancer cells transform into benign or malignant tumors situated in the anus. It can be very dangerous because the anus is a regularly used body part needed to excrete body wastes such as stool from the body.

The sad thing about anal cancer is that no one talks about it. There is a stigma that goes with the illness since it is commonly sexually transmitted, but that’s not always the case. Thus, it’s essential to make the disease known to break the stigma.

Causes & Symptoms

Many anal cancer patients learned about their disease at a very critical stage already. In some cases, even if the person is healthy and generally well, they may still acquire the said disease. Given this, it’s essential to be on the lookout for possible symptoms to lessen the risks of getting the disease.

Anal cancer is known to be caused by HPV or human papillomavirus which is passed on through sexual intercourse. However, besides sexual intercourse, this can also be caused by unsafe anal sex, old age, smoking, and other abnormal openings in the anal area.


For the common symptoms, these may include:

  • Bleeding of anus
  • Constant itchiness or irritation in the anus
  • A lump in the anus or rectal opening
  • Vast changes in bowel movement
  • Unusual discharge (besides blood) from the anus
  • Painful feeling in the anal area

Once you feel any of the said or related symptoms, make sure to consult with a doctor immediately to have it checked and lessen the risks of it progressing.

Treatment Options

In treating anal cancer, we have to consider many factors. The doctors still have to assess where the lump is situated in, the type and stage of the disease, as well as the tumor size and impact. In looking into these factors, the medical team assigned to you can point out which treatment is the best and most effective for your condition.

Possible treatments include:

  • Radiation therapy
  • Surgery
  • Use of radiosensitizers

These are viable options for different cases, and it is up to your doctors to decide which one will suit you best.

Prevention Is Key

However, just like any illness, before it comes to the worst case scenario, there are several ways to prevent it and keep you from other possible dangers. Besides being educated, it’s essential to take effort in staying protected and healthy to keep yourself away from acquiring the disease.

With this, here are a few prevention tips to lessen the risks of getting anal cancer:

  • Vaccination


Since we have discussed that human papillomavirus or HPV can cause anal cancer, scientists have developed a vaccine for it. These vaccines can protect you from HPV infections that can vary depending on the subtype. However, we have to keep in mind that this vaccine works best before acquiring the disease. So if you’re planning to get sexually active any time soon, better to have yourself vaccinated now than to regret anything in the future.

  • Protected Sex

One way to have protected sex is through condom use. Although it does not entirely protect you from getting the infection, it can still reduce the risks of doing so.

  • Avoid Smoking

Not only sexually active people can get anal cancer. The disease can also affect smokers. To minimize the possibility of contracting anal cancer and other types of cancer, refrain from smoking.

Join Support Groups

Living with anal cancer is not easy, but know that you’re not alone. If it’s too late, you can get extra support and help from families who are going through the same by joining anal cancer foundations. In doing so, you can help yourself, or a loved one who is going through this struggle. Have a little hope that nothing is impossible with the higher beings.

Always remember that protection and prevention can help save a life. Tell us about your cancer concerns today.